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The city was divided into 14 colaciones, and numerous new church buildings were added.The centre of the mosque was converted into a large Catholic cathedral.is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.It was a Roman settlement, then colonized by Muslim armies in the eighth century.and in scale and intensity exceeded anything to be found elsewhere in Western Europe in these centuries.In 1002 Al-Mansur was returning to Córdoba from an expedition in the area of Rioja when he died. Abd al-Malik al-Muzaffar, al-Mansur's older son, succeeded to his father’s authority, but he died in 1008, possibly assassinated.

The slaves revolted against Mahdi, killed him in 1009, and replaced him with Hisham II in 1010.

During these centuries it became the center of a society ruled by Muslims, in which all other groups had a second-class status. Claudius Marcellus, grandson of Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who had governed both Further and Hither Spain, founded a Latin colony alongside the pre-existing Iberian settlement.

The first historical mention of a settlement dates to the Carthaginian expansion across the Guadalquivir, when general Hamilcar Barca renamed it Kartuba, from Kart-Juba, meaning "the City of Juba", a Numidian commander who had died in a battle nearby. It was sacked by Caesar in 45 due to its Pompeian allegiance, and settled with veterans by Augustus.

It became capital of Baetica and had a colonial and provincial forum and many temples.

It was the chief center of Roman intellectual life in Hispania Ulterior (Further Spain).

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